Since Annapolis was occupied by Federal troops, the Legislature convened at Frederick. Baltimore riots can refer to several incidents of civil unrest in Baltimore, Maryland's history. It had a strong garrison at Fort McHenry, troops on Federal Hill, a firm grip on Annapolis and control over the main rail link to the West. Thirty-six others in the regiment were wounded, many of them seriously. Meanwhile, the states of Arkansas and Tennessee, seeing how federal troops acted in the pro-Southern state of Maryland on April 19 seceded on May 6. He stood behind his administration and claimed: I do not hesitate to say that the press has done more injury to this city than ten times the catalog of rowdyism which it has professed to detail. The most bitter hostility has been encouraged between native and foreign-born citizens.” Know Nothing Polka, by James Couenhaven, 1854. Again the 6th returned fire. Other arrests took place as the summer of 1861 wore on. Each side was accusing the other of firing that first shot, the shot that soon sparked a volley of shots coming from both sides. As the regiment transferred between stations, a mob of secessionists and Southern sympathizers attacked the train cars and blocked the route. Please get in touch. The Plug Uglies were a street gang (though most often referred to as a political club) that operated in the west side of Baltimore, Maryland from 1854 to 1860. Neither Race nor Color nor Frustration is an Excuse for Either Lawlessness or Anarchy." addy488a91e437b0ac2381e308970c629c88 = addy488a91e437b0ac2381e308970c629c88 + 'BaltimoreCityPoliceHistory' + '.' + 'com'; In swift succession they rolled out of the yard and onto President Street. Southern cartoonist Adalbert Volck lampooned that humiliating maneuver in an etching, Passage Through Baltimore, depicting a cowardly-looking Lincoln peeking through the side door of a boxcar. Journalist Michael Williams’ forthcoming book City Under the Guns tells the story of the military occupation of Baltimore. Ghastly images of mob violence flashed in their minds as they approached the northeast waterfront and Fort McHenry’s ramparts came into view, with a Union flag still flapping in the breeze. On October 8, 1856, rioting overtook the city as the municipal elections were held. Once word came that the tracks were now impassable, the 220 men who still needed to reach Camden Station wheeled into columns outside the President Street depot under the command of stout Captain Albert S. Follansbee. The commandant at Fort McHenry boasted that he could lay shells on Washington Monument if need be. Someone responded that it was a man in a light coat. It was another thread in the seemingly endless tangle of problems facing the embattled U.S. president. for thy dalliance does thee wrong,Maryland!Come to thine own anointed throng,Stalking with Liberty along,And sing thy dauntless slogan song,Maryland! The most significant action of the Civil War may have occurred in Baltimore on 19 April 1861 during the Pratt Street Riots, which directly caused 17 known deaths and at least 50 injuries and seven recorded arrests, which are now known as the first deaths of the Civil War. Perhaps the most notorious gang of Know-Nothings in Baltimore was called the Plug Uglies. The growing mob followed the line of cars, now seven long, as it turned onto Pratt Street, the east–west axis of the waterfront. Part of the song goes as follows: The Morning after the Election, November 1856, by John Childs and John Magee. Our citizens know very well that those whose taste for the display of flags is so exceedingly susceptible, enjoyed the opportunity of giving the national hunting to the breeze on Sumpter. Commemorate your occasions, design your own custom patches, pins & coins. We will not tell our readers what to think about our past, as much as we will tell a story as it was written with the hopes of our readers forming their own opinions. - Robert F. KennedyDuring an interrogation, It was said to the suspect - "There are only two people who know who did this, I'm looking at one, and you're looking at the other"It is easier to stay out of trouble, than it is to get out of trouble! var path = 'hr' + 'ef' + '='; The events of April 19 extinguished that last spark of hope. Shortly after the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860, eight southern states seceded during the next five … On top of this the president had to contend with Baltimore, a city the British once branded “a nest of pirates.” Its deeply pro-Southern populace made it un­friendly ground for the Rail Splitter, who had won a paltry 4 percent of its total popular vote in the last election. The reporter then went on to describe an oddly comical incident. As I turned I heard my brother say: “I am struck, George!” At that moment, I was struck from behind a severe blow on the back of my head, which would have knocked me down, but the crowd which had gathered around us was so dense that I was, as it were, kept up. In the Eighth Ward, another group of Plug Uglies fought with a gang of Democrats. CODE. Reflecting that division an… It produced the first deaths by hostile action in the … We frequently have these things in Spain.” Fisher replied, “In Spain this may mean nothing; in America, it means Civil War.”. She'll come! Rumors of the Federals’ arrival had already begun circulating, and Baltimore’s residents and local leaders made no secret of their disdain for the Union’s new administration. My Maryland! Virginia's preparedness was equally feeble and that Stale could have offered Maryland little help. Back at Pratt Street, an orgy of destruction unfolded. From the 6th Massa­chusetts, Addison Whitney, Luther Ladd, Sumner Needham and Charles Taylor were killed during the march. The American party was pro-Union, unlike the Democrats, who favored states’ rights. Moreover, it certainly wasn't the end of it; in fact, they were just warming up, for worse things to come. After the occupation of the city, Union troops were garrisoned throughout the state. On the morning of April 16, 1861, Governor Curtin sent orders to the Ringgold Artillery, one hundred and eight men, to entrain for Harrisburg with their four six-pound field pieces. In Lowell 17-year-old Private Luther Ladd traded his machinist’s apron for a uniform and buff trimmings. 6th Massachusetts Militia Passing through Baltimore.jpg 1,894 × 1,420; 965 KB. This category has only the following subcategory. Others were seriously wounded, including the Democrat Henry Konig, who caught a ball in his thigh, while another passed through American Boney Lee’s side and back. Maryland was a loyal state in fact, as well as in name, once Federal force had made certain it would follow such an oath. “Collisions have been frequent between Americans and citizens of Irish and German extraction. On April 19, 1861, the first blood of the American Civil War is shed when a secessionist mob in Baltimore attacks Massachusetts troops bound for Washington, D.C. Four soldiers … There's no right time to do wrong - and - no wrong time to do right! He was knocked down twice, and at one time while he was down, I saw two men jump on his body and kick him… In the meantime I drew my pistol and fired into the crowd, which was immediately in front of me, every man of whom seemed to have a pistol in his hand and was firing as rapidly as he could; in this crowd, there were fully from forty to fifty persons. Gambrill's trial (presided over by Judge Henry Stump) and the subsequent deadly violence relating to it, made the crime one of the most sensational of the era. 21222, Copyright © 2002 Baltimore City Police History - Ret Det Kenny Driscoll. Addison Whitney left his job in the Middlesex Corporation’s No. Several members of the Maryland legislature were arrested, days before a delayed secession vote which historians now consider likely to have failed even without those arrests, and the state was placed under direct federal administration. Interestingly, for all his violent connections, Swann went on to become a largely progressive mayor, establishing the first streetcars and developing several city parks, including Druid Hill Park. That said, ever so often we might come across a story that to us is so exciting we might express that enthusiasm in our writings. Days afterward, North Carolina became the final state to approve secession (May 21). Erich Kastner, German poet, novelist and children's author (Emil and the Detectives). The election of  1 November 1861, was the last test of strength between Unionists and states rights supporters. One regiment of newly called up Union troops came through Baltimore; however, anti-Union forces were too disorganized and surprised to do anything about it. 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