They also had reported the suppression of nuclear translocation factor erythroid 2 (NFE2)-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in LPS stimulated RAW264.7 cells by up-regulation caused by pretreatment with the fruit extract and via Nrf2/HO-1 signaling mechanism 6. © 2020 Healthbenefitstimes. It can be used for reducing swellings and many more inflammations. • Antimicrobial / Leaves: Study evaluated the in vitro antimicrobial activity of Muntingia calabura leaf extracts against a selected panel of microorganism s. A methanol extract produced inhibition zones against S. aureus, P. aeruginosa, E. coli, K. pneumonia and C. neoformans. Tough, silk-like fiber can be obtained from the bark and is used for lashing supports and making rope. Known in English as cherry tree [Muntingia calabura Linn. Int J Pharm Sci & Res 2020; 11(12): 6020-27. doi: 10.13040/IJPSR.0975-8232.11(12).6020-27. (2018) investigated the antidiabetic property of Muntingia calabura leaves ethanol extract in alloxan intoxicated mice. This is why individuals who have gout have been recommended to consume about 9-12 pieces of the fruit at least three times a day. Our fast-paced, unhealthy lifestyle makes us prone to several illnesses, the most common one being stomach or gastric ulcer, which can show symptoms like belching, heartburn, indigestion, nausea, passing excessive amounts of gas, or vomiting. Muntingia calabura leaves extracted with 50% and 100% ethanol from air‐drying and freeze‐drying methods had the highest total phenolic content and the lowest IC 50 value for the DPPH scavenging activity. The researchers at first evaluated the antidiabetic potential of aqueous extract in insulin-deficient animal models with glibenclamide (0.65 mg/kg) as a standard drug and reported a remarkable decrement in blood glucose level. To determine the gastroprotective activity of this extract, they employed ethanol-induced and pylorus ligation induced ulcer models and reported a dose-dependent gastroprotection 13. Before finding out the mechanism involved in hepatoprotection, they had reported the hepato-protective effect of the extract in carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) intoxicated animals where they had found no reduction in body weight in animals pre-challenged with test compared to silymarin, which was used as standard drug. Eating aratilis fruits can help the body in fighting bacteria. If you’re diabetic, it’s important that you regulate your diet and consume foods that decrease your blood sugar levels. 5 white Petals are, obovate, 1 centimeter long, deciduous and spreading with many prominent yellow stamens. Even the flowers can be utilized as an antiseptic and to treat abdominal cramps. Flowers is also used to treat headache and incipient cold or as tranquilizers, antispasmodics and anti-dyspeptics in Philippines. It can be easily grown and found in South and Central America and few parts of Caribbean. Amazing Benefits of Muntingia fruit for your health Muntingia calabura, the sole species in the genus Muntingia, is a flowering plant native to southern Mexico, the Caribbean, Central America, and western South America south to Peru and Bolivia. By eliminating harmful bacteria, fruit can also reduce your risk of developing other bacterial digestive issues and promote gut health. It has antibacterial properties. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2018; 14(1): 64. Furthermore, the leaves can be used for making tea. The researchers finally concluded that AQF as the most potent fraction to possess antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity 19. Kerson Fruit or Muntingia calabura is a fast growing tree that has a cherry like fruit with multiple health benefits: Such as lowering blood sugar, preventing cancer, promoting cardiovascular health, lowering blood pressure, and blocking pain… just to name a few. The researchers performed this study on male Sprague Dawley rats. Antiproliferative Activity: Nasir et al., (2017) investigated the anti-colon cancer effect of the leaf of Muntingia calabura methanol extract on azoxymethane (AOM) produced colon cancer in male Sprague Dawley rats. Further, the researchers made an attempt to determine the effect of ethyl acetate fraction on mucosal levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), Glutathione (GSH), catalase (CAT), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) and reported that the fraction reversed SOD MDS, GSH levels and CAT activity to normal because of its antioxidant action. Bark yields a tough fiber used to make ropes and baskets. Abstract. Benefits of Muntingia fruit for your health ANTISEPTICS Decoction of leaves of cherry (cherry) has proved efficacy can kill microbes or as an antiseptic. Preethi Kathirvel. They examined the effect of leaf decoction on elevated serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) and serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) in paracetamol-induced hepatotoxicity and the report revealed that pretreatment with leaf decoction had normalized the serum SGOT and SGPT levels 21. It refers to … Because of the many anti-bacterial properties it contains, the fruit has been used to treat Staph infections, P. vulgaris, C. Diptheriae, K. Rhizophil, S. Epidemidis, and other bacteria. This fruit can be as effective as most of the drugs on the market today. With the Latin name Muntingia calabura, this cherry looking, red berry fruit is rich in nutrients, and fully packed with vitamins, and antioxidants, that can act both as defense and remedy for several known ailments, including diabetes, and stomach ulcers. This study was conducted to screen the antibacterial activity of methanol extract of Muntingia calabura L leaves against Staphylococcus aureus FNCC 0047, Staphylococcus epidermidis FNCC 0048 and Escherichia coli FNCC 0091. Results: Above mentioned search engines yielded 47 articles. 5. Skype: healthbenefit55. Olszanecki R, Gebska A, Kozlovski VI, Gryglewski RJ. Another use for the tea leaves is to drink them to help protect against heart attacks. Aligita W, Susilawati E, Sukmawati IK, Holidayanti L and Riswanti J: Antidiabetic activities of, Zakaria ZA, Zainol AS, Sahmat A, Salleh NI, Hizami A, Mahmood ND, Nasir N, Mamat SS, Kamisan FH, Mohtarrudin N and Abdul Hamid SS: Gastroprotective activity of chloroform extract of, Zakaria ZA, Balan T, Azemi AK, Omar MH, Mohtarrudin N, Ahmad Z, Abdullah MN, Desa MN, Teh LK and Salleh MZ: Mechanism (s) of action underlying the gastroprotective effect of ethyl acetate fraction obtained from the crude methanolic leaves extract of, Halim SZ, Zakaria ZA, Omar MH, Mohtarrudin N, Wahab IR and Abdullah MN: Synergistic gastroprotective activity of methanolic extract of a mixture of, Jisha N, Vysakh A, Vijeesh V and Latha MS: Anti-inflammatory efficacy of methanolic extract of, Nasir NL, Kamsani NE, Mohtarrudin N, Othman F, Md. They subjected the test extract for toxicity studies, and the reports revealed that no symptoms of toxicity observed up to a dosage of 2000 mg/kg body weight. An infusion of the flowers is taken to relieve headache and the first symptoms of a cold. Jamaica cherry tea consist of large amounts of nitric oxide, a natural chemical which relaxes blood vessels so that blood can flow freely, thus decreasing pressure. Listed below are health benefits of Jamaica cherry without any side effects. Antispasmodic Activity: The only attempt made to study the antispasmodic potential of aqueous extract of Muntingia calabura flowers on New Zealand white rabbits was made by Vadivel et al. In the same year, Rifa’i et al., (2018) made a second attempt to investigate the aqueous extract of Muntingia calabura in splenic cell suspension isolated from BALB/c mice. FIG. Tea made from Jamaica cherry leaves constitutes a natural home remedy for stomach cramps. 10.13040/IJPSR.0975-8232.11(12).6020-27, All © 2020 are reserved by International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research, This Journal licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Subscribe to YouTube Channel of SPSR Leaves of this plant were used for stomach ulcers. If you’re suffering from chronic pain, arthritis, or gout, you might want to include Jamaica cherry fruit in your diet. Do not give to children and Geriatric patients. With its antiseptic properties, it works great as a treatment for abdominal cramps. This is because the leaves may contain properties that prevent inflammation, which could possibly lead to myocardial infarction. This fruit contains a lot of flavonoids, which helps in the development and proper function of the brain. 1. The short bole can be up to 8.5 – 20 cm in diameter. (2015) had reported the mechanism by how M. calabura leaves methanol extract to exert hepatoprotection in male Sprague Dawley rats. It is widely cultivated in warm areas of the New World and in India, south-east Asia, Malaya, Indonesia, and the Philippines, Strawberry Tree, Panama berry, Jamaican cherry, Bajelly tree and Singapore cherry, Sabah cherry,  Panama Cherry, Jam tree, Cotton Candy berry, Calabura, calabur tree, calabura, capulin, Jamaica cherry, Japanese cherry, ornamental cherry, silk wood, silkwood, sirsen, Buah cheri, Pasito, Kersen, Talok, Kerupuk, Siam, Krakhob barang, Khoom somz, takhob, Farang, Trung ca, Mat sam, Chitato, Majaguito, Majaguillo, Bolina, Bolina yamanaza, Fast-growing small evergreen shrub or tree, Disturbed lowland tropical forests, abandoned pastures, agricultural lands, forest edges, vacant lots, along roadsides and margins of waterways, Thrive in poor soils and it is also acidic and alkaline soils, About 25 to 40 ft. (7.5-12 m) in height, with spreading, nearly horizontal branches. Anti-inflammatory: Lin et al., (2017) had attempted to delineate the molecular mechanism by how ethanol extract of Muntingia calabura fruit exerts an anti-inflammatory effect against lip polysaccharide induced pro-inflammatory mediators in RAW264.7 murine macrophage cell lines. In the same year, Zakaria et al. (2016) reported in-vivo gastroprotective potential of M. calabura leaves chloroform extract in Sprague-Dawley rats. Muntingia calabura, commonly known as the Jamaican cherry tree is a widely distributed, fast-growing avenue tree that can be easily identified by its green canopy and small, red cherry-like fruits. Flavonoids that have an antioxidant activity consist of flavonol, flavanon, flavones, isoflavones, catechins and kalkon. Here are its benefits to your health: ... and juices. Su BN, Park EJ, Vigo JS, Graham JG, Cabieses F, Fong HHS, et al. Flowers and barks are used as an antiseptic and to reduce swelling in lower extremities while the leaves, either boiled or steeped in water, are used to reduce gastric ulcer and swelling of prostate gland, and to alleviate headache and cold in Peruvian folklore medicine. The researchers described the direct influence of IL-6 production on body weight and blood glucose levels of experimental animals. 8. The researchers conducted antidiabetic activity tests by measuring blood glucose levels of experimental animals before and after alloxan intoxication and reported that the extract had decreased blood glucose levels 10. L. Muntingiaceae + Synonyms. High blood pressure is caused by many things in modern society like smoking, salt, diets high in fat, and heredity. Finally, they reported the effect of ethyl acetate fraction on PGE2 levels which were decreased upon ethanol treatment. Leaves can be boiled to make a tea while its bark can be used to make ropes and fiber for bark skirts. Muntingia calabura (Elaeocarpaceae) leaves against a selected panel of microorganisms. Plant is used to treat measles, mouth pimples and stomach ache in Mexico. Wood is soft and is valued mostly as fuel as it ignites quickly, burns with intense heat and gives off very little smoke. Fighting Bacteria. With this type of excellent nutritional benefit, it is no wonder that Kerson Fruit is such a staple in other parts of the world. 2: USES OF MUNTINGIA CALABURA WORLDWIDE. Compounds contain tannins, flavonoids, saponins capable of killing a variety of bacteria. This is great for treating inflammation anywhere in the body. The researchers had conducted the phytochemical analysis of M. calabura leaves and report revealed to contain flavonoids, tannins, triterpenes and steroids. Rerung and Sudharmono (2019), reported the hepatoprotective potential of Muntingia calabura leaf decoction in paracetamol intoxicated male Wistar rats. Muntingia calabura is recognised by the Queensland Herbarium as a weed, there are 4 collections from the Wet Tropics and one collection from the Mackay region. Since trees and plants are the basis for medical treatments through much of human history, there are now many ways to discover novel bioactive compounds. They studied the effect of PEF, EAF, and AQF on the ratio of elevated liver/bodyweight of paracetamol intoxicated experimental animals and reported that AQF had decreased elevated liver/bodyweight significantly compared to the other two fractions. Different parts of the tree are being used for various ailments in different parts of the world. Health Benefits of Aratilis. Muntingia calabura is renowned as ''Jamaican cherry'' worldwide and ‘‘kerukupsiam’’ in Malaysia. In Madura area, cherry is known as the name of Baleci. Pharmacological Studies: Several scientific studies were conducted to reveal the different pharmacological potential of Muntingia calabura. Fruits can be processed into jams and juice. The researchers at first had conducted a phytochemical analysis of the fruit extract, and the report revealed to contain 4 flavonoids and 11 phenolic acids wherein they found gallic acid in a significant amount. Well if you talk to nutritional problems, in every 100 grams of this plant contain: 76.3 g of water, 2.1 g protein, 2.3 g fat, 17.9 g carbohydrate, (, 0 g fiber, 1.4 g ash , 125 mg calcium, 94 mg phosphorus, 0,015 mg of vitamin A, 90 mg of vitamin C. The energy is 380 kJ / 100 g. Through UHPLC-ESI analysis, authors reported 22 phenolic compounds. In fact, munching on the fruit and drinking tea made of its leaves are known to work wonders in curing headaches, which usually mark the first stage of a cold. 1. Several research studies are going on from the past three decades to test traditionally used medicinal plants against common diseases and disorders globally. J Physiol Pharm. By next, they had conducted pylorus ligation ulcer model where the extract showed significant gastroprotection but reported little less activity than standard drug, Ranitidine (100 mg/kg). This is the first research study made on the anti-colon cancer property on Muntingia calabura. People who suffer from severe headaches do so because of blood vessel constriction. 10. Series leaf decoction is proven to kill bacteria as follows: C. Diptheriae, S. aureus, P. vulgaris, S. Epidemidis, and K. Rhizophil. Flowers are said to possess antiseptic properties. Many of these pharmacological investigations have been carried out on different parts of this tree to formalize the plant's ethnomedical uses in traditional medicine. Lessens Uric Acid. Kerson Fruit or Muntingia calabura is a fast growing tree that has a cherry like fruit with multiple health benefits: Such as lowering blood sugar, preventing cancer, promoting cardiovascular health, lowering blood pressure, and blocking pain… just to name a few.. Kerson Fruit. Department of Pharmacology, Krupanidhi College of Pharmacy, Bengaluru - 560035, Karnataka, India. If it is 'the fastest growing tree in the world' then I would be cautious about planting it. They conducted intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) assay and reported that administration of methanol extract had reduced intracellular levels of ROS in T3T fibroblast cells under normal as well as under oxidative stress conditions due to presence of phenols and flavonoids in methanol extract 22. Antimicrobial Activity: William et al., (2016) made an attempt to study the antibacterial and antifungal properties of the Muntingia calabura ethanol extract leaf and stem using the disc diffusion assay. Parts of the aratilis tree can be utilized for other purposes. Muntingia is also a suitable shade tree for livestock, and is used as fodder/forage for cattle and goats in the Philippines. Also, they made an attempt to establish the role of nitrous oxide (NO) and sulfhydryls (SH) in the mechanism of gastroprotection of ethyl acetate fraction by pre-treating the animals with N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) and NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) cause aggravating the gastric lesions which diminished the gas-troprotection exerted by ethyl acetate and reported that NO and SH participate in mucosal protection. Later, they determined the effect of MMMCL taken at various ratios on ethanol intoxicated experimental animals and reported that in a dose-dependent manner, all doses of MMMCL taken at 1:1 and 3:1 ratios exerted significant gastroprotection 15. In Columbia, people made infusions out of flowers, and was used as a tranquilizer. By next, they conducted antimicrobial assay where the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of leaf extract was analyzed against all the experimental microbes. And thanks to its anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial properties, the fruit can help prevent and treat gastric ulcers. Antimicrobial testing was carried out using the agar well diffusion assay method. the health hazards and toxicities associated with unsystematic use of synthetic drugs and antibiotics, interest in the use of plants and plant-based drugs has revived throughout the world. To discover the mechanism of hepatoprotection, they had conducted a metabolomics study of serum samples of the experimental animals and their reports revealed that, by the synthesis of bile acids and metabolism of arachidonic acid the test extract had shown hepatoprotection 9. Researchers at first subjected leaf samples to HPLC analysis, and the presence of Rutin is reported, which is known to cause anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anti-colon cancer activity. Muntingia rosea H.Karst. PDF | On Jun 16, 2020, M. Nirmala and others published MEDICINAL VALUES OF Muntingia calabura LEAVES | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES OF MUNTINGIA CALABURA: AN OVERVIEW OF THE LAST LUSTRUM. Kersen are commonly planted in roadsides, or parking lots. Recently the tree of cherry has spread mostly into Southeast Asian, include Malay and Indonesia. Fitoterapia. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); POLICY Jamaica cherry consists of anti-diabetic substances like ascorbic acid, fiber, beta-carotene, riboflavin, thiamine, and niacin that manage your sugar levels and prevent hyperglycemia. Leaves are dark green on top and light green underneath. Benefits from the Fruit Itself 1. Traditionally, people around the globe are using different parts of this tree for the treatment of various ailments. This study was conducted to screen the antibacterial activity of methanol extract of Muntingia calabura L leaves against Staphylococcus aureus FNCC 0047, Staphylococcus epidermidis FNCC 0048 and Escherichia coli FNCC 0091. In this research, researchers at first had subjected the flower extract to a series of chemical tests for phytochemical analysis and reports revealed to possess carbohydrates, flavonoids, glycosides, phenolic compounds, and saponins. Also, they subjected the extract to UHPLC-ESI-MS analysis, and the presence of several flavonoids like ferulic acid, pinocembrin, and gallic acid was reported, which are known to exhibit the anticancer property 17. Later they had reported the levels of nitrate, PGE2 and pro-inflammatory cytokines like Tumor Necrosis Factor-α (TNF-α), Interleukins-1ß (IL-1ß) and Interleukins-6 (IL6) production in lipo-polysaccharide (LPsac) stimulated RAW264.7 cells which were in large amount and pretreatment with test extract had down-regulated the LPsac-induced pro-inflammatory mediators. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: The authors thank to the Department of Pharmacology, Krupanidhi of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, for providing the facilities to carry out this study. By decreasing the cell damage caused by oxidization, the fruit can boost your immunity, keep diseases at bay, and reduce the duration of illnesses. The methanol extract was further divided into three fractions, namely, petroleum ether fraction (PEF), ethyl acetate fraction (EAF) and aqueous fraction (AQF) of Muntingia calabura. Terms & conditions The plant thrives in poor soils and it is also acidic and alkaline soils. Health Benefits of Muntingia Calabura ... Leaves of Muntingia are boiled or steeped to heal gastric ulcer, reduce the effect of cold & flu and the inflammation of prostate gland. https://www.youtube.com/c/SocietyofPharmaceuticalSciencesandResearch, Ethyl acetate fraction from methanolic extract. Kersen | Cherry | Benefits For Better Life - Kersen or Cherry (Muntingia calabura L.) is a kind of tree as well as its small and sweet fruit is bright red. The researchers estimated carrageenan reactive protein levels (CRPL) in blood and reported that the treatment with extract shows less CRPL than carrageenan alone treated groups. They also determined the potential of leaf extract on the elevated levels of plasma liver enzymes in hepatotoxic rats and reported that pretreatment with 500 mg/kg leaf extract had reduced elevated plasma liver enzymes. In this review, we made an attempt to summarize updated information regarding the pharmacological activities of Muntingia calabura L. FIG. 5 white Petals are, obovate, 1 centimeter long, deciduous and spreading with many prominent yellow stamens, Large number of exceedingly tiny (0.5-mm) yellow seeds, Spermatophytina  (spermatophytes, seed plants, phanérogames). Infusion of the flowers is used as a tranquilizer and tonic in Colombia. 8 Best Herbal ingredients in diet pills for weight loss, Travel 101: How to Have a Smoother and Safer Trip, 5 Tips For Protecting Your Skin From Frequent Shaving. Kerson Fruit or Muntingia calabura is a fast growing tree that has a cherry like fruit with multiple health benefits: Such as lowering blood sugar, preventing cancer, promoting cardiovascular health, lowering blood pressure, and blocking pain… just to name a few. In Madurese, this fruit is called baleci. Google and Bing search also carried out using the common and scientific names of the plant as keywords. The stem extract was found to possess triterpenes, but alkaloids and sterols were absent. M. calabura is a well-known, fast-growing tree clasped with different medicinal and health benefits. The compounds were active against one or more panels of human and murine cell lines. Aratilis or Muntingia calabura grows only in few regions of the world. When injected to male Sprague-Dawley rats with ethanol-induced ulcers, it was found out that the Muntingia calabura leaves extract protected the gastric mucosa against the ethanol-induced ulcer, because of the increase of mucus production and a decrease in the acidity of the gastric chamber. In Brazil, the trees are planted along river banks. Hepatoprotective Activity: Rofiee M. S. et al. Over the years, the consumption of Jamaican cherry has been known to help minimize the pain often related with gout. 1. Although there hasn’t been adequate research on Jamaica cherry leaves’ anticancer properties, certain research suggest that the flavonoids present in Jamaica cherry leaves could prevent the formation of cancerous tumors. The kerson fruit (Muntingia calabura) is a flowering plant that bears Jamaican cherries and is grown mainly in warm areas, such as India and Southeast Asia. Muntingia calabura is recognised by the Queensland Herbarium as a weed, there are 4 collections from the Wet Tropics and one collection from the Mackay region. Cytotoxic constituents of Muntingia calabura leaves and stems collected in Thailand. Results suggest potent antibacterial activity and the presence of more potent polar antibacterial compound. You can boil the flowers of the tree and drink it as a tea. The researchers reported a decrement in elevated liver weight/body weight ratio (LW/BW) upon pretreatment with leaf extract in a dose-dependent manner. Mahmood ND, Nasir NL, Rofiee MS, Tohid SM, Ching SM, Teh LK, Salleh MZ and Zakaria ZA: Morton JF and Dowling CF: Fruits of warm climates. Although there is not much information and research surrounding the health benefits of aratilis, this fruit is as healthy as the other popular fruits. Muntingia calabura Linn. Fertilized flowers are followed by berry, rounded, about 1.5 centimeters in diameter, smooth, fleshy, sweet and many seeded. And articles that were not in the English language were also excluded. Unfortunately, conventional drugs have also been associated with various unwanted side effects. In India, one flowering and fruiting peak occurs during monsoon season (July-October), and another peak takes place during winter-summer season (December-May). which belongs to the family Elaeocarpaceae, is the one that lately acquired medicinal plant status. Colombian folks boil Muntingia flowers to use as a tonic and tranquilizer. Muntingia, or Jamaica Cherry, is a small, fast-growing tree that can reach up to 40 ft. tall at full maturity. In Southeastern Brazil, the flowering and fruiting peaks occur from September to December, coinciding also with the end of the dry season and the start of the wet season. However, a large number of medicinal plants remain to be investigated for their possible pharmacological value. 18. 1993; 31:77-81. Studies were conducted in order to identify the beneficial effects of Muntingia calabura. Muntingia grows in the lowland tropics of Western South America, Mexico, The Caribbean and some parts of Kerala. Muntingia Calabura Cherries works wonders for athletes... because these cherries work to counter act inflammation in the muscles and other tissues thus shortening recovery times... and it helps to prevent injuries too! Flowers are about 1.25-2 centimeters in diameter, white, extra-axillary, solitary or in pairs in the leaf axils with 5 green sepals that are reflexed, lanceolate, about 1 centimeter long. Inter J Pharmacog. Ethnomedicinal Uses: Based on the literature survey, it is evident that no single lead molecule has been identified from this plant, even though its traditional uses had been reported in Vietnam, Mexico, Colombia, Peru, and the Philippines. calabura is a well-known, fast-growing tree clasped with different medicinal and health benefits. M. calabura is indigenous to tropical South America, southern Mexico, Central parts of America, Trinidad, and Argentina. So get to enjoy the benefits of the fruit itself, or use the leaves and bark for natural healing. Later they carried out HPLC analysis for further identification of phytochemicals present and reported the presence of flavonoids in leaves. Creative Resource Systems First Edition 1987. Consume as regularly as you can to gain the benefits mentioned above. The team of researchers also monitored the level of uric acid. Below you can find several of the benefits that this fruit can provide. The Chin Pharm J. The report revealed that a significant increase in PGE2 levels upon administration of ethyl acetate fraction on experimental animals and concluded that the gastroprotection of ethyl acetate fraction was due to the presence of gallic acid and quercetin 14. Antiulcer Activity: Zakaria et al. Jamaica cherry relax blood vessels, so that blood can flow normally again. 1. Being antibacterial and antifungal in nature, it also soothes abdominal cramps, promotes gut health and prevents infections. The aratilis or Muntingia calabura is a flowering plant that grows in a few parts of the world, including Mexico and the Philippines. If there is one flower you must know more about, it is MuntingiaCalabura, also known commonly as Calabura or Jamaican Cherry. Muntingia calabura. Phyto Chem. All © 2013 are reserved by the International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research. Tree growing in native habitat Photograph by: Judgefloro. Reputedly, the tree of cherry came from Latin America. 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