The generic name Catalpa is derived from Native American name, kathulpa, or catawba, a group of Native Americans inhabiting the Catawba River in the Carolinas. Flowers give way to long slender green seedpods (12-22” long). Interactive Koppen Climate Classification Map for the United States; Interactive Koppen Climate Classification Map for Canada; Catalpa Tree - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University. First cultivated in 1754, the wood was used for fence posts and railroad ties because of its resistance to rot and the tree’s fast growth rate. Ackerfield, J. Foliage turns an undistinguished yellow in fall. It is native to a relatively small area extending from western Tennessee, northeastern Arkansas and the lowlands of southeastern Missouri north to southern Illinois and southern Indiana. Latin (scientific) name: Catalpa speciosa Common English name: Northern catalpa Other names: French name: Catalpa à feuilles cordées The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Easily grown in average, medium to wet, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. - 4 ft. 2 in. This tree has since expanded far beyond its original range … The Southern catalpa is native in a swath from northern Florida to Georgia, west through southern Alabama and Mississippi. Flowers can be a real showstopper, however. Latin Name: Catalpa speciosa Common Name(s): Northern Catalpa, Catawba, Cigar tree, Indian bean tree Deciduous or Evergreen: Deciduous Native Range: East Central United States USDA Hardiness Zone: 4-8 Mature Height: 40-70’ Mature Spread: 20-50’ Bloom Time: June Native … Native Range: Southern Indiana and southeast Iowa, south to Arkansas and Texas (BAIL). Catalpa speciosa (Northern Catalpa) - Northern Catalpa is native to southern Indiana, Illinois, western Tennessee and Arkansas, but has been thoroughly naturalized in a much wider range, including here in Georgia. One of the other types of catalpa is Chinese catalpa (Catalpa ovata), native to Asia. Map Legend. Western Catalpa . Today, its range has widely expanded east … Gilman, A.V. New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614. Susceptible to verticillium wilt, leaf spots, mildew and twig blight. Catalpa speciosa was originally thought to be native only to a small area of the midwestern United States near the confluence of the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers. Other Common Names. Range may be expanded by planting. It has been widely planted in urban areas as a street tree and lawn tree, and can also be effectively used in the landscape for difficult areas such as moist low spots or dry areas with poor soils. Catalpa speciosa, commonly called northern catalpa, is a medium to large, deciduous tree that typically grows to 40-70’ (less frequently to 100’) tall with an irregular, open-rounded to narrow-oval crown. Looks like: southern catalpa - royal paulownia - dragon tree - tungoil tree Additional Range Information : Catalpa speciosa is native to North America. It offers very ornamental cream-colored flowers in spring, followed by the classic bean-like seed pods. Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture. Catalpa speciosa - Northern catalpa Native Range Map Ceanothus arboreus - Feltleaf ceanothus Native Range Map Ceanothus spinosus - Spiny ceanothus Native Range Map Catalpa speciosa. Native from the lower Midwest into the southern states (southern Illinois south to Arkansas). It is widely planted as an ornamental tree. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Prefers moist fertile loams. The leaves of this species do not emit an unpleasant aroma when bruised as is the case with the similar southern catalpa (Catalpa bignonioides).Genus name comes from a North American Indian name.Specific epithet means showy. Yellow Catalpa and Japanese Catalpa. The two North American species, Catalpa bignonioides (southern catalpa) and Catalpa speciosa (northern catalpa), have been widely planted outside their natural ranges as ornamental trees for their showy flowers and attractive shape, or growing habit. The catalpa tree is found in forests from southern Illinois and Indiana to western Tennessee and Arkansas. (2015). Northern and southern catalpas are very similar in appearance, but the northern species has slightly larger leaves, flowers, and bean pods. For more information on plant hardiness zones in Canada, visit Natural Resources Canada. Cigar tree, Catawba Tree, Hardy Catalpa, and Western Catalpa. - 70 ft. 0 in. It volunteered in our own yard from elsewhere in the neighborhood and we transplanted it to a sunnier spot our front yard. Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: No. Native Introduced Native and Introduced History: Northern Catalpa (Catalpa speciosa) is native to the midwestern US where it was cultivated starting in the 1750s due to its resistance to rotting. Native to the mid-west. The larvae (caterpillars) of the catalpa sphinx moth may do considerable damage when feeding on the leaves. Branches are brittle and mature trees infrequently exhibit classic form. Northern Catalpa is native to a limited region to our south and east but has been cultivated as a landscape tree outside of its natural range. Today, its range has widely expanded east of the Rocky Mountains outside of its restricted pre-settlement location, further obscuring the true native range. Tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions including both wet and dry soils. Each flower sports a unique line of spots about 2 inches in diameter. Leaves are light green to yellow green above and densely pubescent below. Northern Catalpa does not have stinky leaves. A hardiness zone is a geographically defined area where a given plant is capable of growing. Moderate to fast growth rate. Abundant pods are produced every 2 to 3 years. Follow us on social media to keep up-to-date. Originally, this tree was native to a small region of the mid-Mississippi valley. Type: Broadleaf. Height. The genus gets its name from the Catawba Indian tribe’s name for … Catalpa ovata. 20–40 ft. 30–40 ft. 20–30 ft. Leaves Native geographic location and habitat. Today, its range has widely expanded east of the Rocky Mountains outside of its restricted pre-settlement location, further obscuring the true native range. Native to southwestern Indiana, southern Illinois, western Kentucky, western Tennessee and northeastern Arkansas. Common name: Northern Catalpa . The catalpa (Catalpa speciosa) is not native to Iowa. Comments: There are a total of only eleven species worldwide, with only two species—Northern Catalpa and Southern Catalpa (C. speciosa and C. bignonioides, respectively)—native to North America. Show All Show Tabs northern catalpa When the state bought the property in 1969 to create the campus, the Hansen Farm stood at the end of Louisville Avenue, then a dirt road that led from Jimmie Leeds Road for nearly two miles until it ended at the farm and the southeastern corner of Saw Mill Pond, now called “Lake Fred.” Alnus glutinosa, the common alder, black alder, European alder, European black alder, or just alder, is a species of tree in the family Betulaceae, native to most of Europe, southwest Asia and northern Africa. No serious insect or disease problems. Northern Catalpa - Catalpa speciosa Bignonia Family (Bignoniaceae) Northern catalpa has the showiest flowers of all the large trees native to Kentucky. Description Northern catalpa is best known as a large deciduous tree bearing showy spring flowers. After the flowers bloom, long, cylindrical pods filled with small winged seeds form. Range & Habitat: Northern Catalpa is an uncommon tree in natural areas; it is native to southern and southeastern Illinois, while in other areas of the state it has escaped from cultivation (see Distribution Map). Higher numbers represent more temperate areas. Catalpa speciosa - Northern catalpa Range Map. Zone 0 covers the harshest areas in Canada for plant species. They are Catalpa speciosa and almost certainly date back to the farm that existed here for decades. It is known from New England, except Vermont, west through New York, to North Dakota, and south to Texas, Colorado, Utah and New Mexico, east to Georgia and north to Pennsylvania, but is not recorded from New Jersey and Delaware. Accepted by. In Missouri, it typically occurs along streams, bluff bases and in both low and upland woods (Steyermark). Unfortunately, it is otherwise a rather coarse tree that many believe does not deserve a prominent place in the landscape. Native Range. Catalpa speciosa was originally thought to be native only to a small area of the midwestern United States near the confluence of the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers. This made it useful as fence posts and, rather unsuccessfully, as railroad ties. Return to our Trees of Canada resource here: It was introduced as an ornamental tree because of its large, showy flowers. 40–70 ft. 30–50 ft. 20–30 ft. Seedpods give rise to the common name of cigar tree, although they actually are longer and thinner than most cigars. This is among the more tolerant types of catalpa, accepting a range of soil conditions, from wet to dry. Catalpa speciosa was originally thought to be native only to a small area of the midwestern United States near the confluence of the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers. Catalpa Species: speciosa Family: Bignoniaceae Life Cycle: Woody Country Or Region Of Origin: Central & E. U.S.A. to Utah Distribution: range from ME west to ND to UT south to TX east to GA Play Value: Pieces Used in Games Shade Wildlife Cover/Habitat Dimensions: Height: 40 ft. 0 in. Catalpa speciosa. Broad ovate to ovate-oblong leaves (to 12” long) are pointed at the tips and rounded to cordate at the bases. Catalpa speciosa (Warder) Warder ex Engelm. Cigar Tree, Catawba Tree, and Indian Bean Tree. However, there is overlap, and even some of the most knowledgeable plantsmen have a hard time stringing together an explanation of the difference in range between the two species. Pronunciation: ka-TAL-pa spe-see-OO-sa. 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