industrialization. But Ethiopia would go to war and win the 1895 Battle of Adwa, against Italy in order to defend its territorial sovereignty. This would make the British sound more formidable and have a better reputation. The British occupied Egypt in 1882, but they did not annex it: a nominally independent Egyptian government continued to operate. The Arab chain reaction against Britain started in Egypt, where in July 1952 a group of army officers seized power. It wasn't long before British and Egyptian forces clashed with a decisive British victory and by September of 1882, Britain had captured Cairo and occupied Egypt. This means that when England had a war between another country, Egypts armies would help the British to win. These reasons were similar to the reasons why Great Britain colonized other places. economic imperialism. The British takeover of Egypt was an example of British expansionism. Colonialism is the policy of a country seeking to extend or retain its authority over other people or territories, generally with the aim of economic dominance. Five years after Egypt’s colonization, Britain created the British Somaliland (Somalia History). When Britain started to colonize Sudan, they had to find a way to destroy the hopes the French had of taking Sudan. This allowed the British government to greedily control Egypt's economic and political decisions, and thus profit largely. This Egypt, at the dawn of the 20th century, was a … Soldiers were sent to various places to train while other got ready to retreat from the city. Why did the British colonize West Africa? Britain was responsible […] In July of 1942, the British were pushed back almost to Alexandria. Britain occupied Egypt in 1882 to ensure that the Suez Canal was protected from any rivals, as it was fundamental in trading with India. Napoleon's foray into Egypt in 1798, in the midst of the French Revolution, began a long string of European adventures in the Middle East, leading to colonization… It was colonized at around 1882 due to Orabi, one of the leaders of the Egyptian army, losing. Britain, for one, was in control of Somaliland, the Sudan and Egypt, territories whose proximity to Ethiopia allowed the British to make attempts at taking over. colonization. Egypt's once balanced culture and economy was corrupted and exploited by the powerful British Empire. With this advantage, Britain decided to heavily tax the ships which passed through. In Egypt, the British spent over ten million pounds every year. The British colonized Africa in about 1870. British occupation: 1882-1914: The dominant figure during the years of the British occupation of Egypt is Evelyn Baring, a member of a long-established British family of bankers. After the Ottomans decided to join the First World War on the side of the Central Powers, Egypt was declared a British protectorate. As a result of the Crimean War, the Ottoman Empire became more reliant on Britain and France because Britain wanted to take over the coast of Somalia, in order to guard the Suez Canal. He first serves in Egypt from 1877 to 1880 as the British member of the commission responsible for coping with the Egyptian debt. Greeks also colonized Cyrenaica around the same time. In 1882, the British invaded and conquered Egypt to put down a revolt of Egyptian army officers. Some Egyptians resented the European control of their economy and the extortion interest rates of the loans. Instead of leaving Egypt to its people, Britain decided to colonize the country and control it through a protectorate. At first, in what was called a veiled protectorate, Britain managed the Egyptian budget, took over the training of its military, and (although it had no legal authority to do so) basically ran Egypt through a series of commissions designed to protect British investments. When they heard of all of Africa's valuable resources such as gold, ivory, salt and more, they did not hesitate on conquering the land. BRITISH COLONIZATION 1900 - 1920 Continued negative feelings toward the British Britain declares Egypt a protectorate and orders all foreign vessels out of Suez Canal Ottomans defeated Britain grants Egypt a constitution Timeline of Egyptian Colonization BRITISH COLONIZATION 1880 The British and French controlled all Egyptian finances, railways, ports, post offices, and even the museums (James 269). They wanted these resources because they needed them for manufacturing. Although the idea that Egypt would become a British colony was regarded by most as being highly fanciful. This is the transition that led to the colonization of Sudan under the power of the British (Benjamin 1061). The history of Egypt under the British lasts from 1882, when it was occupied by British forces during the Anglo-Egyptian War, until 1956, when the last British forces withdrew in accordance with the Anglo-Egyptian agreement of 1954 after the Suez Crisis. The economic situation of Egypt before its colonization was quite good. The British occupation started in 1882 as a result of the immense debt that Egypt had accrued to European powers, bankers and investors, and its influence continued up to the 1952 revolution. Along with its colonial rivals, Britain was responsible for drawing international boundaries onto Africa in the late 1800s. For the preceding 40 years, Egypt had lived as a free state – ruled, on paper, by the British government, but in practice allowed to live under the rule of its own leaders and to practice its own faiths. The new international boundaries were “drawn by Europeans, for Europeans,” and paid littl… Imperial powers have extensive spheres of influence, in which their overwhelming power enables them to coerce or persuade countries to align their policies with the hegemon’s interests. There was also an attempt in 513 BC to establish a Greek colony between Cyrene and Carthage, which resulted in the combined local and Carthaginian expulsion two years later of the Greek colonists. Likewise, Cape Colony was occupied to ensure it … Rommel stopped at Alamein because his troops were exhausted and almost out of supplies. Egypt first took over the coast in 1875. The Congress of Berlin, held between 1884 and 1885, laid out the rules for European colonization, meaning in the 30 years following, European countries divided up newly colonized territories in a series of bilateral agreements. Egypt was colonized by England due to a fierce war between the two. By the end of 1954, Gamal Abdel Nasser had induced Britain to accept total withdrawal by June 1956 and set to work to undermine Britain’s position in Iraq and Jordan. The first period of British rule (1882–1914) is often called the "veiled protectorate". The British rushed to Cairo. Britan was engaged in an expansion competition with France, to the degree that French and British colonies settled in North America began in-fighting throughout much of the early 18th century. This essay is a mainly concerned with its economy system during the British colonization in 1882 until Egypt achieved the full independence in 1936. Eventually as time passed, a withdrawal agreement was made that led Egypt to their independence. The working and owning class maintained the industrial aspect while the upper class maintained the government and political prospect. It was in the year 1882 that Egypt was legitimately ‘acquired’ by Britain, one of Europe’s greatest powers, (The Earl of Cromer, 1908). Egypt was granted limited independence by the British after the First World War when the Wafd Party launched a revolution against their British overlords in 1922. Through the colonization of Egypt, Britain gained control of the Suez Canal, a major part of the world trade routes. The nations failing economic system and the lands strategic economic and military positioning, especially in relation to the Suez Canal, led to the desire of many European countries to imperialise the nation. British interest in Egypt developed during the American Civil War. They funded the Suez Canal and steadily increased their economic base in the country. So they launched this joint-ruling relationship with Egypt where they would each colonize Sudan together (Benjamin 1061). This brought them into conflict with the Boers. Tensions between Boers and British led to the Boer War of 1899-1902. Under Egypt's Pharaoh Amasis (570–526 BC) a Greek mercantile colony was established at Naucratis, some 50 miles from the later Alexandria. Britain, France, Italy, Egypt and Ethiopia colonized Somalia. First of all when they took over Egypt, Egypt became proctectorate. The land was also good for growing grain and during ancient times, … From 1882-1922, Britain formally occupied Egypt and controlled its government. Egypt gained full independence from the British in 1936. read more The reason of this essay is to determine how British colonial ruled and gained control on Egypt nation for nearly 40 years and affected it in many ways. Britain negotiated with local tribe leaders to gain more land. Though the Sahara desert is just on the outskirts of Egypt, the soil around the Nile delta is quite fertile and good for growing crops. The British took over Egypt for some reasons. Egypt was colonized by several civilizations throughout history, including the Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Mamelukes, Ottoman Turks, French and British. EGYPT was considered to be a treasure, becuase of its fertile land and its production of alot of crops such as wheat corn and cotton, also they wanted to control Egypt in order to secure the main route to India, Malaya, Australia, New Zealand (and also to Hong Kong), which all belonged to the British Empire at the time. In June 1956 the British troops quit Suez on schedule. Europe’s museums serve a nuanced purpose and shouldn’t automatically bow to calls to return artworks plundered by 19th-century colonisers, writes V&A director Tristram Hunt The British occupation of Egypt had some positive effects on Egypt as a country and in regards to its people. The British had several reasons to colonize Kenya in 1895. However, when gold and diamonds were discovered in the 1860s-1880s their interest in the region increased. 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