The coup… However one suspect was detained very shortly afterwards in another part of San Pedro Sula, and further arrests were later made. Honduras - Political parties. claim that Honduras would be better off legalizing drugs, thus avoiding military solutions to Honduran security problems. Allegations of human rights abuses, and summary executions by police—especially of street gangs—have diminished steadily in recent years up to the present (2009), while political violence has been a constant. The Honduran Supreme Court had upheld a lower court injunction against the 28 June poll,[27] and on 26 June – while Zelaya ignored the injunction – it issued a secret order for his detention. Forty-five percent of the electorate voted in the primaries: 24% for the Liberals and 21% for the National Party. Executive power is exercised by the government. is a reflection of the lack of public faith in Honduras's political institutions and leaders."[23]. The elections have been full of controversies, including questions about whether Azcona was born in Honduras or Spain, and whether Maduro should have been able to stand given he was born in Panama. Violence Against Women in Politics: Research on political parties in Honduras . Although some of the aid came in the form of military hardware, some components focused on strengthening the receiving country's judicial system.[17]. (The death rate from all causes is roughly 1000 per 100,000 population. FBI and their counterparts in Central America[who?] OPIC also offers insurance against risks of currency inconvertibility, expropriation, and political violence. Democratic Unification Party (Partido Unificación Democrática—UD or PUD), founded in 1992 at the end of the Cold war when formerly … would use this argument to justify increasing US military aid to Honduras to help fight the organised drug gangs, while others[who?] The National and the Liberal parties, Honduras’ two traditional political parties, have traded the Central American country’s presidency for four decades. The PNH and PLH have ruled the country for decades. Although Honduras has made progress toward strengthening its democracy since transitioning from military rule in 1982, abiding violence, corruption, impunity and inequality in one of the hemisphere’s poorest countries have undermined citizen confidence that Honduran institutions are governing for the benefit of all. The country’s public officials, particularly those from the incumbent National Party, are hopelessly corrupt, and Hondurans have grown accustomed to living under its burden. Ahead of the November elections in Honduras, Afrodescendants, indigenous people, women, youth, people with disabilities, human rights defenders, and LGBTI groups came together to present demands to political parties and state institutions — asking for a more inclusive and representative political process. The murderers left behind a message, claiming to come from the Cinchoneros, railing against Maduro, Lobo, Álvarez and the death penalty. Although street gangs do play a significant role in this high rate, organized crime, drug trafficking and social violence are other factors that contribute as well. The President Manuel Zelaya's affiliation in 2008 with the Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas ALBA sparked controversy. Nasralla is a former Pepsi-Cola executive and television personality, and gathers support from several parties. The President of Honduras is both head of state and head of government. Honduras traditionally had a two-party system, dominated by the Liberal Party of Honduras and the National Party of Honduras. The confrontation occurred on Nov. 26, 2017, the night of Honduras’ presidential election. The attackers promised another massacre before the new year. In 1986, the Liberal Party's José Azcona del Hoyo was elected president. The military, after decades of ruling Honduras, remains politically powerful. Other than civil war, high rates of poverty and unemployment and lack of education make at-risk youth more vulnerable to gangs. Political parties in Honduras. Political Parties; Honduras. The PNH challenged the election results, and Lobo Sosa did not concede until December 7. Chief of state, president, political parties in Honduras given. Zelaya was inaugurated as Honduras' new president on January 27, 2006. Refworld is the leading source of information necessary for taking quality decisions on refugee status. It claims the color blue. For administrative purposes, Honduras is divided into 18 departments, with departmental and municipal officials selected for four-year terms. Which brings us to the next four years. SHARE. Hernandez’s main opponent is Salvador Nasralla from the Opposition Alliance. Honduras essentially had two dominant political parties, the PNH and the PLH, for most of this century, with the military allying itself with the PNH for an extended period beginning in 1963. Rafael Callejas became president in 1990 and introduced neo-liberal economic reforms and austerity measures. Honduras has a two-party system, which means that there are two dominant political parties – the PLH and the PNH.It is thus extremely difficult for anybody to achieve national electoral success under the banner of any other party. Under President Zelaya's term, the government attempted to create dialog with gang members to sway them to renounce their violence and re-integrate into society. 13. Honduras’ presidential election Nov. 26 has set off a political crisis. A Presidential and general election was held on November 27, 2005. San Diego Library Latin American election results, "The low participation rate in the primaries . In November 1997 he was elected to a 4-year term which began in January of 1998. [29] They put him on a military airplane which flew him to Costa Rica. ], because of the extreme violence that accompanies the crimes perpetrated by these gangs. The reforms would move the date of the presidential primaries ahead from February 2009 to November 2008, change the location of vote-counting from a central one to the individual municipalities, and radically increase public funding of political parties, from about US$3.2 million every election cycle to about US$52 million every election cycle.[24]. A BRIDGE workshop on Political Finance to the 10 registered political parties in Honduras took place between 9 and 12 May, in the capital of the country, Tegucigalpa. Honduras government. Porfirio Pepe Lobo became the PNH candidate. In April 1995 compulsory military service was abolished. Deportees brought the two main gangs in Honduras, MS-13 and the 18th Street gang. [4] In 1984, armed-forces chief General Gustavo Alvarez was deposed amid anti-US demonstrations in the capital, Tegucigalpa; this marked a decrease in counter-revolutionary activity, and the government continued to assist the United States' anti-Sandinista activities in Nicaragua in return for economic aid. Political corruption in Honduras is both historical and widespread. Honduras Table of Contents. The current president, Juan Orlando Hernandez, is considered to be a divisive figure with political support within the country as well as vocal opposition from the public. Honduras is one of the poorest countries in Latin America. 1000 per 100,000 population is a very rough estimate based on 1.2% annual population growth and a life expectancy of 70 years. Political and economic elites have traditionally exerted significant influence over political parties, limiting people’s political choices. The current president of Honduras is Carlos Flores Facusse, a member of the Partido Liberal. Legislative power is vested in the National Congress of Honduras. For many years, the political system in Honduras consisted of two big parties and a few small ones. The PLH is identified with the color red and white, as the flag Francisco Morazan used in most of his military campaigns during time of the Central American Federal Republic. Honduras government. The judges of the Supreme Court of Justice or Corte Suprema de Justicia, are elected for seven-year terms by the National Congress.[2]. In April and May 2009 Zelaya announced plans for a non-binding poll on whether to hold a referendum about whether to convene a constituent assembly that would rewrite the constitution.[25][26]. Voter turnout was 55% of the 3.9 million eligible. [7], Gang membership is partly attributable to population movement between Honduras and the United States. National Congress (128 seats) National Party (48) Liberal Party of Honduras (30) Liberty and Refoundation (29) Anti-Corruption Party (10) Independent (5) Christian Democratic Party of Honduras (4) Innovation and Unity Party (1) Democratic Unification Party (1) The USAID quote and murder rate are from USAID, Executive branch of the government of Honduras, Committee for the Defense of Human Rights in Honduras, Revolutionary Popular Forces Lorenzo Zelaya, Central American Bank for Economic Integration, United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, International Civil Aviation Organization, International Confederation of Free Trade Unions, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, International Fund for Agricultural Development, United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara, Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, United Nations Industrial Development Organization, "Honduras Quagmire: An Interview with Zelaya", "Army overthrows Honduras president in vote dispute", "Honduras Congress Communiqué explaining why ex President Zelaya was removed", "Honduran Leader's Populism is what Provoked Military Violence", "Honduras supreme court 'ordered arm coup'", http://topics.nytimes.com/topics/reference/timestopics/people/m/roberto_micheletti/index.html, https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/06/28/AR2009062801569.html, "Honduran president overthrown, new leader voted in", "Rare Hemisphere Unity in Assailing Honduran Coup", National Unified Leadership of the Honduran Revolutionary Movement, People's Liberation Movement-Chinchoneros, Revolutionary Democratic Party of Honduras, Revolutionary Party of Central American Workers, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Politics_of_Honduras&oldid=992787784, Articles with dead external links from June 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from July 2017, Articles with dead external links from September 2010, Wikipedia articles scheduled for update tagging, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from August 2017, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Articles lacking reliable references from December 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2017, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from December 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Patriotic Alliance Party of Honduras ("partido alianza Patriótica" ) founded in 2017, Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 02:39. A judiciary is appointed by the National Congress. Honduras traditionally had a two-party system, dominated by the Liberal Party of Honduras and the National Party of Honduras. Media in category "Political parties in Honduras" The following 11 files are in this category, out of 11 total. However, it is unclear how many were gang-affiliated. The Cinchoneros are believed to be defunct, however. Democracy, as an ideal of political organization and as a form of coexistence, has historically signaled a … He is credited with a major push to improve the country's transportation infrastructure. Although gang members have been arrested for selling drugs at the street level, it is still unclear how much interaction they have with the larger drug cartels and their operations within Honduras. The Economist Intelligence Unit rated Honduras a "hybrid regime" in 2019.[1]. 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